Pervasive Developmental Disorder
A pervasive developmental disorder is a diagnosis which is categorized by a group of disorders that have delays in the development of both socialization and communication skills. There are many cases where parents are able to identify and notice symptoms very early on during their child’s development. While this is sometimes the case, the pervasive developmental disorders are most noticeable in children between the ages of three and five years old. It is important to immediately seek out medical attention if any signs and symptoms of a pervasive developmental disorder become noticed in their child at any given time.
There are various prominent signs and symptoms which may occur that are most noticeable when attempting to identify pervasive developmental disorder. First and foremost is language. A child will either have a loss of or a lack of understanding basic language. This is the most common and sought after sign in way of pervasive developmental disorders as it is the easiest to identify. The lack of understanding may not be large, and often times can be subtle at first, but it is a huge indicator that there may be a pervasive developmental disorder.
Some other signs and symptoms parents should be aware of can include repetitive body movements or behaviors, unusual choices in way of playing with toys and objects, difficulty adjusting to new environments, difficulty socializing or relating to people, as well as being uncomfortable with large and busy events. Autism is the most studied and widely known form of pervasive developmental disorders, and has a variety of similar conditions very close to it. Some of the most commonly known pervasive developmental disorders include Rett’s Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Asperger’s Syndrome. The various forms of pervasive developmental disorder can lead to children varying in way of skills, intelligence, and behavioral levels. There are those children who do not speak at all, and there are those who possess a relatively normal speech pattern. Those impairments that are seen in most every case include: repetitive forms of play and limited social skills; strange response to sensory information such as loud noises and light are also common.
For each of the pervasive developmental disorders there are no known cures. While there are no cures, there are forms of treatment that do work depending on their severity and how often the treatments are carried out. Proper forms of treatment often aid the child enough to lead normal lives in a social and school setting with the proper support. A child who has severe cases of pervasive developmental disorders often needs regular one on one care and attention in order to function properly in larger settings.
Currently vast amounts of research are being carried out in way of pervasive developmental disorders. To find cures and possible preventative methods to protect against these disorders. Neurology has made vast strides in understanding how to properly diagnose and treat the various pervasive developmental disorders known.